Statistics about why music is so good for students

1. In a 1995 study in Hamilton, Ohio, string students who participated in pullout lessons averaged higher scores than non-pullout students in all areas of the Ohio Proficiency Test. 68% of the string students achieved satisfactory ratings on all sections of the test, compared to 58% of the non-pullout students. -Michael D. Wallick, "A Comparison Study of the Ohio Proficiency Test Results Between Fourth-Grade String Pullout Students and Those of Matched Ability," Journal of Research in Music Education, 1998.

2. More music teachers are role models for minority students than teachers of any other subject. 36% of surveyed minority students identified music teachers as their role models, compared to 28% for English teachers, 11% for elementary teachers, and 7% for physical education teachers. -"Music Teachers as Role Models for African-American students," Journal of Research in Music Education, 1993.

3. Researchers at the University of California and the Niigata Brain Research Institute in Japan have found an area of the brain that is activated only when reading musical scores. -"Musical Brain - Special Brain Area Found for Reading Music Scores," NeuroReport, 1998.

4. The scores of elementary instrumental music students on standardized math tests increased with each year they participated in the instrumental . -"Music Training Helps Underachievers," Nature, May 26, 1996.

5. A 2000 Georgia Tech study indicates that a student who participates in at least one college elective music course is 4.5 times more likely to stay in college than the general student population. -Dr. Denise C. Gardner, Effects of Music Courses on Retention, Georgia Tech, 2000.

6. On the 1999 SAT, music students to outperform their non-arts peers, scoring 61 points higher on the verbal portion and 42 points higher on the math portion of the exam. -Steven M. Demorest and Steven J. Morrison, "Does Music Make You Smarter?," Music Educators Journal, September, 2000.

7. Students who participate in All-State ensembles consistently score over 200 points higher on the SAT than non-music students. This figure indicates that students can pursue excellence in music while also excelling academically. -Texas Music Educators Association, 1988-1996.

8. Students with good rhythmic ability can more easily detect and differentiate between patterns in math, music, science, and the visual arts. -"Rhythm seen as key to man's evolutionary development," TCAMS Professional resource Center, 2000.

9. College students majoring in music achieve scores higher than students of all other majors on college reading exams. -Carl Hartman, "Arts May Improve Students' Grades," The Associated Press, October, 1999.

10. Of approximately 7,500 students at a medium-sized university between 1983 and 1988, music and music education majors had the highest reading scores of any students on campus, including those majoring in English, biology, chemistry, and mathematics. -Peter H. Wood, :The Comparative Academic Abilities of Students in Education and in Other Areas of A Multi- Focused University," ERIC Document Number ED327480.

11. Music students demonstrate less test anxiety and performance anxiety than students who do not study music. -"College-Age Musicians Emotionally Healthier than Non-Musician Counterparts," Houston Chronicle, 1998.

12. The average scores achieved by music students on the 1999 SAT increased for every year of musical study. This same trend was found in SAT scores of previous years. -Steven M. Demorest and Steven J. Morrison, "Does Music Make You Smarter?," Music Educators Journal, September, 2000.

13. A majority of the engineers and technical designers in Silicon Valley are also practicing musicians. -The Case for Sequential Music Education in the Core Curriculum of the Public School, Center for the Arts in the Basic Curriculum, 1997.

14. In a 2000 survey, 73% of respondents agree that teens who play a musical instrument are less likely to have discipline problems. -Americans Love Making Music - And Value Music Education More Highly Than Ever, American Music Conference, 2000.

15. Students who can perform complex rhythms can also make faster and more precise corrections in many academic and physical situations, according to the Center for Timing, Coordination, and Motor Skills. -Rhythm as Key to Music's Evolutionary Role in Human Intellectual Development, Center for Timing, Coordination, and Motor Skills, 2000.

16. A ten-year study indicates that students who study music achieve higher test scores, regardless of socioeconomic background. -Dr. James Catterall, UCLA

17. A 1997 study of elementary students in arts-based concluded that students' math test scores rose as their time in arts education classes increased. -"Arts Exposure and Class Performance," Phi Delta Kappan, October, 1998.

18. In a Scottish study, one group of elementary students received musical training, while another group received an equal amount of discussion skills training. After 6 months, the students in the music group achieved a significant increase in reading test scores, while the reading test scores of the discussion skills group did not change. -Sheila Douglas and Peter Willatts, Journal of Research in Reading, 1994.

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